KENAF is a type of hemp fiber native to east-central Africa where it has been grown for several thousand years for food and fiber. Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is native to southern Asia, though its exact origin is unknown. While hemp fiber production is considerably less. Kenaf together with hemp have been a source of textile fiber for products like ropes, rugs, bagging and twine. The ratio of the core to bast is 65:35% of the whole stem weight. Results based on morphologyand chemical analysis indicate that bast and core fiber fractions in the kenaf are significantly different, although the chemical composition of kenaf is quite similar to the woody mass. It … kenaf tea leaves kenaf tea sealed Prior art date 2000-01-21 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. 0000004618 00000 n Kenaf is grown most widely in India, where the plant was first cultivated; more than 300,000 hectares (ha) were cultivated there in 1970. Kenaf. Every hectare of kenaf consumes 30-40 tons of carbon dioxide during each growing cycle. Kenaf (hibiscus cannabinus) is an annual, non-wood fiber plant that is indigenous to central Africa. Kenaf definition is - an African hibiscus (Hibiscus cannabinus) widely cultivated for its fiber; also : the fiber used especially for making paper and cordage. 0000002662 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Industrial Hemp Is Sweeping America in the News, Hemp Inc. Kenaf has typical hibiscus flowers, 3 to 4 inches in diameter. This case study analyses the government-funded introduction of kenaf as an alternative to tobacco in Malaysia. 1.13 : Cellulose for chemical uses. The first harvest is underway and is set to be processed in the new sophisticated plant. It produces pulp much faster than pine which takes about 15years to mature. The best part of this plant is that it is entirely legal. Kenaf is a member of the mallow (Malvaceae) family, with okra and cotton as relatives. It has been a source of fiber for many cultures throughout decades of time. Watch our progress on Hemp Inc. Presents and connect with us on Social Media. The stem's outer bark contains the long soft bast fibers which are useful for cordage and textiles. 0000002763 00000 n It has also been a promising raw material for paper, pulp and a lot more fiber products. The major difference between these two extremely similar plants is that kenaf is a legal crop. The highest growth rate may up to 10 cm/day. 0000002130 00000 n Hemp flower is legal on a federal level, it’s up to each individual state to determine their own hemp laws. It is a natural blend of short and long fibers similar to the hardwood-softwood blends used in most papers. Prompted by the ratification of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the coming into force of the ASEAN free trade agreement, … It is a strong natural fiber that is actually better than wood fiber. Kenaf, known as Hibiscus cannabimus L., is an herbaceous annual plant that grows in a wide range of weather conditions, growing more than 3 m within 3 months (Nishino et al., 2003). Tamil Name : Pulicha Keerai. This plant has very beautiful flowers, however the leaves look very similar to hemp and it grows like it too. 0000000892 00000 n Kenaf together with hemp have been a source of textile fiber for products like ropes, rugs, bagging and twine. Unofficially referred to as the “hemp cousin”, (due to the similarities) kenaf is a fiber plant from the Hibiscus cannabinus L. family. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L., Malvaceae) is a warm season annual fiber crop closely related to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L., Malvaceae) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentusL., Malvaceae) that can be successfully produced in a large portion of the United States, particularly in the southern states. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) family Malvaceae, is a tall annual herbaceous woody tropical plant, which has attracted considerable attention as a multipurpose plant having great potential for fiber, energy, and feedstock. A four-ton yield is considered good for hemp. Interested in green business and stopping global warming? Kenaf is one of the allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics. During a single growing cycle, each hectare of kenaf consumes the same amount of carbon dioxide which 20 cars emit in one year,” he said. The seeds are aphrodisiac. 0000001157 00000 n Kenaf, still fairly new to international trade, is used mainly for cordage, canvas, and sacking but is receiving increased consideration for other products, such as newsprint and carpet-backing yarn. Linerboard, corrugated board made from kenaf pulp (from mechanical or chemical processes using both the whole kenaf stem or separated fibres). x�b```f``������r�A��2,@����п�Q������P��=xVpJ�2 �R� R"��8�#n(f`�d �f�M�?�0�c�a�\c��c`������y��iF�Sx.4�\ ` ��s Kenaf International in McAllen, Texas, has been in kenaf research and development for more than 15 years and was the private partner in a cooperative venture with USDA which demonstrated commercial viability of kenaf newsprint in 1987. The bast constitutes 40% of the plant. 0000001584 00000 n 0000000933 00000 n Kenaf yields are greater than hemp yields, therefore providing a more cost effective raw material. endstream endobj 23 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<> endobj 27 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 28 0 obj<> endobj 29 0 obj<> endobj 30 0 obj<> endobj 31 0 obj<> endobj 32 0 obj<> endobj 33 0 obj<>stream The plant is known as kenaf. Kenaf seed has been the waste part of kenaf plant. Kenaf Community has 568 members. 0000031556 00000 n Kenaf International owns and operates a fiber separation mill and is the only domestic producer of seed. Kenaf is a plant in the Malvaceae family also called Deccan hemp and Java jute. The precious plant is considered a hardy plant requiring a minimum of pesticides, fertilizers and water in contrast to conventional row crops. xref Hemp produces a much higher yield per acre when compared to conventional alternatives like cotton, and it requires fewer pesticides. This ornamental plant is very popular in Florida. Kenaf bast and core fibers are used as reinforcing fiber in bio-composites. 22 0 obj<> endobj Kenaf is cultivated for its fiber in India, Bangladesh, U.S., Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, and parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. 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